One need not believe in God in order to have questions that scientific materialism cannot answer. Most of my study participants think contemporary Western culture is far too outward focused, glorifying material success and procurement at the expense of the things that really matter. They would agree with the famous cultural critic Erich Fromm, who in the s argued modern societies emphasize having things as opposed to just being.
Spirituality stresses the importance of attuning to our inner life — both as a way of resisting the constant pressure our culture exerts to value what lies outside of us, as well as a means of finding a place of refuge. This is one reason why, for instance, environmentalists have often endorsed spirituality.
One of the major causes of climate change and environmental destruction, these environmentalists argue, is the never-ending quest for economic growth, fuelled by a capitalist logic of acquisition and expansion. The Dalai Lama once quipped, while the West was busy exploring outer space, the East was busy exploring inner space. Regardless of the veracity of this generalization, he was getting at something that many of my study participants feel: When millennials say they are seeking to become more spiritual, they are often saying that they are trying to resist this trend. For many millennials looking inward is an ethical endeavour.
For many, becoming more contemplative or aware of their inner life allows them to interact with others in a way that is less reactive, less harmful and more authentic to who they think themselves to be. Thus, there are certain virtues which have come to be associated with spirituality: These virtues naturally flow out of the introspection inherent to spirituality because they ultimately require a high level of self-knowledge. That is, knowledge of why we hold the beliefs we do, knowledge of why we act in certain ways, and most importantly, knowledge of our interdependence.
For others, it entails attuning themselves to the immaterial dimensions of life. Nor am I suggesting that all individuals who fit the above description are necessarily spiritual. I only mean to propose that these three characteristics cover a lot of what millennials mean when they call themselves spiritual. Our ability to realize our ethical ideals depends not only our own willingness, but also the social and economic constraints that we live within. Mystical experience Religious experience Spiritual practice. Ego death Individuation Spiritual development Self-actualization.
An Atheist’s Guide to Spirituality
Humanistic psychology Mindfulness Positive psychology Self-help Self-realization True self and false self. Mystical psychosis Cognitive science of religion Neuroscience of religion Geschwind syndrome Evolutionary psychology of religion. History of Westerm esotericism and New Age. Spiritual but not religious. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Catholic spirituality and Christian mysticism. Five Pillars of Islam. Three of four paths of spirituality in Hinduism.
Conflict thesis and Relationship between religion and science. Spiritual care in health care professions. Spirituality portal Religion portal. Different translations are possible: Some Islamic scholars dispute the authenticity of this reference and consider the meaning of jihad as a holy war to be more important. In most general terms, the Sanskrit word yoga stands for spiritual discipline in Hinduism, Jainism, and certain schools of Buddhism.
Questions about meaning and value in the world
A spiritual practitioner is known as a yogin if male or a yogini if female. Cultivating disciplined practices of being engaged by god," in L. Gregory Jones and James J. Blackwell, , 3—28 [4, n. The Making of American Spirituality. McDermott, , in ReVision, vol. The Celebration of the Self and the Sacralization of Modernity. Cited in Anthony Giddens: Journal of Humanistic Psychology. The Vital Interplay between Submission and Freedom".
Retrieved 4 January The Art and Science of Sufi Meditation". The first dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD — See Google book search.
Retrieved 20 February Archived from the original on One may be polytheistic or monotheistic, monistic or pantheistic, even an agnostic, humanist or atheist, and still be considered a Hindu. VB Kher, Navajivan Publishing, see p. Journal of Managerial Psychology. Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
The Purana suggests that "true knowledge of nature" leads to "true knowledge of Self and God. For example, earth teaches steadfastness and the wisdom that all things while pursuing their own activities, do nothing but follow the divine laws that are universally established; another wisdom from earth is her example of accepting the good and bad from everyone. Another guru, the honeybee teaches that one must make effort to gain knowledge, a willingness and flexibility to examine, pick and collect essence from different scriptures and sources.
Nature is a mirror image of spirit, perceptive awareness of nature can be spirituality. Journal of Human Values. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. Ketut , Balinese Arts and Culture: State University of New York Press. Colors of Truth, Religion Self and Emotions. Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance.
University of Chicago Press. History of Sikh Gurus Retold: Reality and Its Manifestations. Economic History of Sikhs in Canada" Volume 1. Searching for Spiritual Unity How well-being research might be mistaking faith for virtue? The lost art of being happy: A guide to developing life's most important skill 1st pbk. Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale encapsulate separable theistic and civility components? By the Anonymous Press. Retrieved 5 March Current Directions in Psychological Science. Cambridge in the Age of the Enlightenment: Science, Religion and Politics.
An Atheist’s Guide to Spirituality - Issue Nothingness - Nautilus
The 'holy alliance' between Newtonian natural philosophy and Anglican latitudinarianism had, by the end of the eighteenth century, proved a fruitful marriage. Confident assertions that science and religion were allies remained part of the intellectual landscape in the first half of the nineteenth century and natural theology continued to be one of the most influential vehicles for the dissemination of new scientific theories [ The Cambridge History of Science series reprint ed.
Encyclopedia of the scientific revolution: There is nothing supernatural, no 'life force' to rival the fundamental forces of physics. They have taken it for granted that any satisfactory account of how human belief and knowledge in general are possible will involve only processes and events of the intelligible natural world, without the intervention or reassurance of any supernatural agent. Science and the spiritual quest: Templeton Foundation Press, What Scientists Really Think.
Oxford University Press, The Tao of Physics: Journal of Happiness Studies. Spiritual well-being, religiosity, hope, depression, and other mood states in elderly people coping with cancer Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. The mediating role of optimism and social support". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
Journal of Social Issues. Affect theory and religious experience.
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Handbook of religious experience pp. Australian Journal of Psychology. Journal of Positive Psychology. Journal of Clinical Psychology. This often results in a broad set of principles that transcends all religions. While spirituality and religion remain different, sometimes the terms are used interchangeably. This lack of clarity in their definitions frequently leads to debates. Is it necessary for a spiritual person to be religious? Through certain actions, an individual may appear outwardly religious, and yet lack any underlying principles of spirituality. In its broadest sense, spirituality may include religion for some, but still stands alone without a connection to any specific faith.
Spirituality - What is it? The Far East offers shrines that contain hundreds of statues. Worshippers choose a statue that most resembles an ancestor and pray to it. During the 4th and 5th centuries B.
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